Popular floor types for modern homes

Laminate flooring. PHOTO | MANNINGTON MILLS
Laminate flooring. PHOTO | MANNINGTON MILLS
Flooring is a term used genetically to describe a lasting covering of a floor or the process of installing such a covering.

Popular floor types for homes include laminate flooring, hardwood flooring, engineered wood flooring, ceramic tile flooring and marble flooring.

1.) Laminate flooring
Laminate flooring is an artificial product comprising two thin sheets of paper infused with melamine. Though it resembles real wood or stone, laminate wood flooring is basically a photo of wood or stone covered by a hard transparent protective layer that is impervious to sharp objects.

Laminate flooring is among the cheapest floor types available. It is easy to maintain and provides a durable surface that is not easily damaged by chairs, shoes and other sharp objects. Read more.


2.) Hardwood flooring
Hardwood flooring is one of the most popular floor types for construction available in the market mainly due to its durability and great visual appeal. Hardwood floors are manufactured as complete pieces of hardwood, usually 3/4 inch thick.

Wood contracts and expands with changes in humidity and to mitigate this problem builders allow an expansion gap between the hardwood floor and the wall which is covered by baseboard trim.

READ: How to install wood flooring

3.) Engineered wood flooring
Engineered wood flooring consists of many thin layers of plywood with a thicker layer of hardwood glued to the top. These layers are arranged on top of each other in opposite directions to give a steady floor that resists expansion or shrinkage in the presence of high levels of humidity or moisture.

Engineered wood floors can be nailed, glued or stapled over a sub-floors that includes certain flooring such as vinyl tiles thanks to its moisture resistant qualities.

READ: Engineered wood flooring vs. hardwood flooring

4.) Ceramic tile Flooring
Ceramic tile flooring is the best choice when looking for a waterproof flooring covering. Ceramic tiles can be used for both indoor and outdoor flooring or as counter-tops.

Ceramic tiles with unglazed finish are best suited for outdoors due to their ability to withstand water. Those with glazed finish are best for indoors. One of the major disadvantages of ceramic tiles is the presence of grout lines that are difficult to clean.